Eid-ul-Adha is the most sacred festival of Muslims which enables the
poor and needy Muslims to equally become part of the happiness of the
Every year Jamia Islamia Ishaatul Uloom, Akkalkuwa- Maharashtra, India,
arranges Qurbani to ensure that healthy and safe meat reaches to the
most vulnerable segment of the society.
Qurbani (Adhahi) is the sacrifice of an animal performed during the days of
Importance of Qurbani:
Allah SWT Said in Glorious Quran:
لَنْ يَنَالَ اللَّهَ لُحُومُهَا وَلَا دِمَاؤُهَا
وَلَٰكِنْ يَنَالُهُ التَّقْوَىٰ مِنْكُمْ ... (الحج :37)
“It is neither their meat nor their blood that reaches Allah, but it
is piety from you that reaches Him.” (Qur’an 22:37)
So turn in prayer towards your Lord and sacrifice (animals). (108.2)
The Prophet (SAWS) said:
“Whoever has the capacity to sacrifice and does not do so, should not
come to the place where Eid prayer is offered.” (Ibn Majah)
There is nothing dearer to Allah during the days of Eid al-Adha than the
sacrificing of animals. The sacrificed animal shall come on the Day of judgment
with its horns, hair, and hooves (to be weighed). The sacrifice is accepted by
Allah before the blood reaches the ground. Therefore sacrifice with an open and
happy heart. (Tirmizi, Ibne Majah)
The Prophet Muhammad (saw) was once asked by his Companions: (ra), “O
Rasoolullah!(saw) What is Qurbani?” He replied, “It is the sunnah of your
father lbraheem (as).” They asked again, “What benefit do we get from it?” He
answered, “A reward for every hair (of the sacrificed animal).” “And (what
reward is there for animals with) wool, 0 Rasoolullah (saw)?” they asked. “A
reward”, he said, “for every fibre of the wool.”, (Ibne Majah)
When a person slaughters a Qurbani animal, he is forgiven at the fall of the
first drop of blood, and verily, the animal shall be brought forward on the Day
of Judgment with its blood, meat etc, and shall be increased in weight seventy
times more than its own weight, and thereafter it will be placed on the scale
of deeds. (Kanzul’Ummal)
On whom Qurbani (Adhazi) is Wajib?
Qurbani is wajib on every Muslim who is of sound mind, mature (who has
reached the age of puberty), muqeem (i.e. he is not a Shar’ee traveler) and
possesses the amount of fifty two and half totals of silver (612-36 grams) or
wealth equivalent to that value which is in excess of one’s aslee (basic)
needs. It is not necessary that this amount be in one’s possession for a
complete lunar year. It’s possession during the three days of Qurbani will make
Qurbani obligatory. Qurbani is not incumbent on a child or an insane person
whether they own wealth equivalent to the amount above or not, nor is it wajib
upon their guardians to perform it on their behalf. Similarly, it is not wajib
on a Shar’ee traveler.
NOTE: A Shar’ee traveler is he who goes on a journey with an intention of
traveling forty eight miles or 77.2 km. He will be treated as a traveler
as soon as he goes out of his town.
It is highly virtuous for one on whom Qurbani is not wajib to offer
sacrifice for the Pleasure of Allah. He will be eligible for all the reward
mentioned in the Ahadeeth.
During the days of Qurbani, sadaqah and charity cannot compensate for
Qurbani nor fulfil the wajib. Qurbani is a unique ibadah. Just as Zakah cannot
compensate for Hajj, or Sawm (Fasting) cannot compensate for Salaat, similarly
charity cannot compensate for Qurbani. However, if the days of Qurbani had
passed, and the Qurbani was not offered due to not knowing, negligence or for
some other valid reason, then it becomes wajib to give in sadaqah the price of
Qurbani animal or the animal itself to the poor.
If a traveler returned home or a person acquired the required wealth on the
12th of Zul Hijjah before sunset, it will be wajib upon him to perform Qurbani.
A traveler who makes intention of staying at a certain place for fifteen
days or more, no longer remains a traveler. He must offer Qurbani if he
possesses the prescribed amount.
Days of Qurbani
The days of Qurbani are the tenth, eleventh and twelfth of Zul Hijjah. The
first day is better than the second, and the second better than the last.
Time for Qurbani
Qurbani is not permissible before the ‘Eid Salat. If the Qurbani has been
offered before the ‘Eid Salat, it will have to be repeated. Therefore, the time
for Qurbani commences after ‘Eid Salat on 1Oth Zul Hijjah until before sunset
of 12th Zul Hijjah.
The Qurbani animal
It is permissible to offer in sacrifice a goat or she-goat, sheep of all
kinds, buffalo or camel and all kinds of these animals.
It is necessary that the goat is one (full) year old, whether male or
female. A buffalo will have to be two years old, and a camel five years.
Animals that are younger are not suitable for Qurbani.
A sheep (of any kind) not less than six months old, so strong and fat that
it appears to be one year old will suffice for Qurbani, otherwise it will have
to be one (full) year old.
A buffalo or camel will suffice for seven persons provided no one’s share is
less than one seventh and the niyyah (intention) of all partners is to attain
thawab (for Qurbani), and not merely to obtain meat.
The Qurbani of only one person can be performed from a goat, sheep.
Animals that are castrated can be used for Qurbani. In fact this type of
animal is preferable.
The following cannot be used for Qurbani
Animals that are blind, one-eyed or has lost one-third or more of its eyesight.
Animals that have lost 1/3 of the ear or the tail. Similarly, the animal
which has no ear from its very birth.
Animal whose horn has been broken off from the root.
Animal which has one leg lame to the extent that it walks on three legs only
and is unable to use the fourth leg.
Animal so lean and thin that its bones have no marrow.
Animal so weak that it cannot walk to the place of slaughtering on its own.
Animal completely toothless or one that has lost most of its teeth.
It is virtuous to purchase the animal for Qurbani a few days prior to
slaughtering and care must be taken in feeding and nursing it.
Masnoon method of Sacrifice
It is more virtuous to slaughter the animal with one’s own hands. If one
does not know how to slaughter, it is preferred that he remain present while
someone else is sacrificing the animal. It is not necessary to make the niyyah
(intention) of Qurbani with the tongue, however it is necessary to say
Bismillahi Allahu Akbar when slaughtering.
Use a sharp knife and slaughter the animal quickly so that it does not
Do not sharpen the knife in front of the animal.
After slaughtering, do not skin the animal before it becomes completely
Do not slaughter one animal in the presence of another.
It is mustahab (desirable) for one who intends to perform Qurbani to refrain
from cutting hair or clipping nails from 1st Zul Hijjah to 10th Zul Hijjah,
(i.e. until after Qurbani).
The Qurbani meat and skin
It is permissible to eat the Qurbani meat.
It can also be distributed to relatives and friends whether wealthy or poor,
Muslims or non-Muslims.
It is better to divide it into three parts. One for the family, one for
relatives and friends and one for the poor and needy.
The skin of the Qurbani animal can be kept for personal use, e.g. using it
as a prayer-mat, water bag, etc.
If the skin of the Qurbani animal is sold, then it is wajib to give that
amount in sadaqah to the poor (i.e. those who are eligible for Zakah).
It is not permissible to give meat, fat, etc. of the sacrificed animal to
the butcher as his wages.
The meat of the animal slaughtered by partners should be shared by weight
and not by estimation.
The rope, cover, etc. of the animal should be given away as sadaqah.
Qurbani on behalf of deceased
If one has been favored by Allah with wealth, then he should also perform
Qurbani on behalf of Rasoolullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam), his Sahabah, his
Ummah, the Prophets and for his own living or deceased relatives, friends and
teachers who have conveyed Deeni knowledge.
One should always remember and never overlook our beloved Prophet
(sallallahu alayhi wasallam) and perform Qurbani on his behalf. Aboo Talhah (
radhiyallahu anhu) has narreted that the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wasallam)
sacrificed one ram and while sacrificing the other he said, “This is on behalf
of every one of my Ummah who believed in me and testified (to my prophethood).”
It is a matter for deep thought and consideration that the Prophet
(sallallahu alayhi wasallam ) kept his Ummah in his mind while offering the
sacrifice and it is deplorable for the Ummah not to remember him at the time of
Jamia Islamia Ishaatul Uloom - experience & Expertise in management
of Qurbani project
Since 39 years Jamia has been delivering Qurbani in India on
behalf of generous donors & supporters in India & abroad. Jamia focused
in states, regions, communities & individuals with the greatest need. we
ensure your obligation & sacrifice in the best manner possible. Jamia
always launch Qurbani campaign ahead of time. Jamia also ensure enough time for
you to make to make a decision and give. It allows us to procure, purchase, and
ultimately sacrifice the animals in timely fashion and fulfill your sacrifice.
Jamia's goal is to fulfill your obligation of Qurbani, while those most
vulnerable, and in need receive fresh and Quality meat.
Jamia has become a bridge for those who want to share the joy of Eid ul adha
with less fortunate people like orphans, widows, food in secure families,
Madrasa students & their instructors, we also cater the needs of food in
secure families of rural & tribal areas.
According to Shariah: Jamia ensure your Qurbani according Shariah
compliance & guidelines in choosing Qurbani animals, slaughtering and meat
Benefits of Qurbani at Jamia Islamia Ishaatul Uloom
On target: Distribute to areas prone to disaster, areas lacking food,
remote, rural & poor areas.
Empowerment of local farmers: Jamia purchase animals from local farmers
to make them financially empowered.
Variety of beneficiaries: Jamia distribute Qurbani food kits among remote
rural poor people, Madrasa students, orphans, widows, and other less fortunate
Muslim bothers & sisters.
Professional: Jamia manage Qurbani project activities through well experienced
& qualified staff. Jamia ensure reports &
receipts along with Tax exemption certificate.
Please perform your Qurbani at Jamia Islamia Ishaatul Uloom
May Allah reward you for helping those who are less fortunate
Don't forget to remind your relatives, friends
and others to share the Jamia's Qurbani project.